LK5_Czekanowski

Jan Czekanowski

Ed. Marek Pacukiewicz, Małgorzata Kołodziej

 

Table of content:

Małgorzata Kołodziej, Marek Pacukiewicz, Introduction

Joanna Bar,  Jan Czekanowski’s research in the area of Congo-Nile Divide and its meaning for the historical and national identification of the countries of the region (case of Rwanda)

Ewa Kosowska,  Twenty years later. On one of the signs of the social transformation in Rwanda in the light of written reports of Jan Czekanowski (1882–1962) and Leon Sapieha (1883–1944)

Dobrosława Wężowicz-Ziółkowska, Jan Czekanowski in time and space 

Marek Pacukiewicz, Semiosphere of ethnographic research of Jan Czekanowski

Kamil Kozakowski, Whiskey and tuxedo as the tools of ethnographer and anthropologist. Jan Czekanowski on his royal highness’ service

Małgorzata Kołodziej, On the experience and the memory of a field researcher on the example of African journals of Jan Czekanowski 

Jan Czekanowski, Summary comments

Jan Czekanowski, Wangwana

Marek Pacukiewicz, Stages of a myth: Czekanowski – Lebenstein

Marek Pacukiewicz, Jakub Dziewit, Laboratory in the studio: Human AD 2017. Third reconnaissance 

 

Content / Summary:

 

Joanna Bar,  Jan Czekanowski’s research in the area of Congo-Nile Divide and its meaning for the historical and national identification of the countries of the region (case of Rwanda) 

As an anthropologist of German scientific expedition in 1907–1909, Jan Czekanowski conducted research in the north-western territories of then German East Africa, in the area of Great Rift Valley in Central Africa, at the north-eastern borderlands of Congo Free State and in South Sudan. The findings of the research were included in a five-volume monograph entitled Forschungen im Nil-Kongo-Zwischengebiet (Leipzig 1911–1927), in numerous research papers and fragments of memoirs. To this day those publications hold great importance for the Africanists, anthropologists, linguists and sociologists. They are also a valuable source of information on the history of the countries of that region at the turn of nineteenth and twentieth century. This subject matter is still significant nowadays, especially with regard to the current Rwandan government’s policy, aimed at the restoration of national identity of all Rwandans across ethnic divides.

Keywords: Jan Czekanowski, Rwanda, African Great Lakes Region, Central Africa

 

Ewa Kosowska, Twenty years later. On one of the signs of the social transformation in Rwanda in the light of written reports of Jan Czekanowski (1882–1962) and Leon Sapieha (1883–1944) 

In the beginning of twentieth century Jan Czekanowski took part in the great scientific expedition the goal of which was to explore the German territories of East Africa. His account of the expedition is still, to this day, not fully available in Polish despite its importance as source material for the study of the culture of tribes inhabiting these territories. The author, beginning with the analysis of the translated fragments of Forchungen…, refers to the original version and finds the wider context for Czekanowski’s findings. The author focuses on the cultural change taking place on the territory of Ruanda-Burundi which is traceable by means of the two accounts taken two decades apart: the aforementioned account of Czekanowski – an anthropologist and scholar, as well as the 1930s memoirs of Leon Sapieha – a Polish nobleman and traveller. The transformations in the customs of tribal women of Watussi and Bahutu tribes are the profile used to trace the change. The juxtaposition of the two accounts, written for different purposes and in different forms, allows to pose question about the condition of traditional and modern anthropology.

Keywords: Ruanda, Rwanda, women, Jan Czekanowski, Leon Sapieha

 

Dobrosława Wężowicz-Ziółkowska, Jan Czekanowski in time and space 

The Author presents the concept and the method of Jan Czekanowski from the perspective of time of race – the epoch in which he created his school. The presentation of the remarkable anthropologist’s achievements (the advancement of Polish craniology, the diagraphic method, the taxonomy of races and human anthropological types) is accompanied by the thesis from the field of history of science on the relation between the scientific concepts and the world-view tendencies which prevail at the time of conception of a given theory.

Keywords: Czekanowski Jan, race, method, physical anthropology, Lvov school

 

Marek Pacukiewicz, Semiosphere of ethnographic research of Jan Czekanowski

The subject of the article is the semiosphere of ethnographic research of Jan Czekanowski, understood as a unique semiotic space, which is prerequisite for the emergence of some specific cultural science discourses. The author analyzes the researcher’s journals, trying to recreate the “dense” plexus of inspirations and contexts underlying the particular research model.

Keywords: Jan Czekanowski, semiosphere, methodology of the etnographical researches

 

Kamil Kozakowski, Whiskey and tuxedo as the tools of ethnographer and anthropologist. Jan Czekanowski on his royal highness’ service

In 1907, a German scientific expedition was held to explore a fairly unknown region of Central Africa. It was also the first non-European expedition of Jan Czekanowski who served as an ethnographer and anthropologist. In my article I want to ponder upon the influences of the expedition on the Polish researcher and the ways in which it shaped his beliefs and research perspective. Another important topic for me is the problem of colonialism, clearly visible and taken note of by Czekanowski in his journals.

Keywords: Jan Czekanowski, colonialism, diaries

 

Małgorzata Kołodziej, On the experience and the memory of a field researcher on the example of African journals of Jan Czekanowski 

Every individual’s way of memorization is conditioned by multiple factors related to, among others, culture or profession. The text is an attempt to analyse Jan Czekanowski’s diaries from Deutsche Zentral-Afrika-Expedition with a focus on the way an experience functions in the field researcher’s memory and how the journal becomes a particular form of cultural memory.

Keywords: Jan Czekanowski, memory, diary, field experience, W głąb lasów Aruwimi

 

Jan Czekanowski, Summary comments

Keywords: Jan Czekanowski, Forschungen im Nil-Kongo-Zwischengebiet

 

Jan Czekanowski, Wangwana

Keywords: Jan Czekanowski, Forschungen im Nil-Kongo-Zwischengebiet

 

Marek Pacukiewicz, Stages of a myth: Czekanowski – Lebenstein

By means of examination of the painting by Jan Lebenstein entitled “Stages” the author attempts to indicate the parallel between the painter’s work and the research of Jan Czekanowski. They both are members of one “Hall” in the European “museum of imagination.” They represent the humanistic reflection that combines biology and culture in a historical order, but their humanistic approach is not anthropocentric.

Keywords: Jan Lebenstein, Jan Czekanowski, museum, anthropology, myth

 

Marek Pacukiewicz, Jakub Dziewit, Laboratory in the studio: Human AD 2017. Third reconnaissance 

The article contains an analysis and interpretation of works created by the students of the Academy of Fine Arts in Katowice as a part of the project “Laboratory in the studio.” An artistic statement allows the authors to get an insight into the sphere of cultural practices and customs, shaped by the modern registers of knowledge but rooted in more permanent forms. The purpose of the text is to discover the cultural rationality behind the idiom of human.

Keywords: human, contemporary art, anthropology of art, Jan Czekanowski